Pattern of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) Among Patients Visiting Peshawar Dental College


  • Shehla Aman
  • Ayesha Mushtaq
  • Muhammad Younas
  • Zia Ur Rehman
  • Momena Rashid
  • Nida Ashraf



Background and Objectives: Early diagnosis of Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is important for prevention of
greater damages of the parts of the maxillofacial region. This study aims to determine the pattern of TMD among patient
visiting Peshawar dental college.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted between the periods of January 2021-dec 2022 among the patient
visiting oral medicine department of Peshawar dental hospital. Total sample size of 200 patients were assessed. TMJ
evaluation form’ index was used. Gender, age and all sign symptom’s like pain, TMJ click, mouth opening, deviation
were noted.
Results: Out of 200 patients 110 were female and 90 were male, with age range 10- to 80 years,67 % patient present
with TMJ click and pain both while 93% presented with TMJ click only. 15% present with limited mouth opening. The
pain and click were the most common sign and symptoms noted.
Conclusion: TMD is a common problem and the severity of TMD was found higher among patient visiting Peshawar
dental college. Temporo-mandibular joint disorders give association with gender.